Disaster Risk Reduction in Pakistan

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What is the Project About

The multitudes of natural and manmade disasters that have beset Pakistan since the previous decade have resulted in significant human, economic, environmental, and social losses.

Construction of protection wall in Jafarabad District, Balochistan

In the last decade, the impact of disasters in Pakistan has been devastating. Various disasters, triggered by different types of natural hazard – earthquake, epidemic, extreme temperature, flood, landslide, storm – have affected over 50 million people with damages and loses estimated at 25.5 billion US$ and 80708 fatalities respectively. Some had been notably catastrophic, such as the 2005 earthquake that killed 73338 people and caused 5 million homeless and the floods in 2010 and 2011 with losses estimated at US$ 9.5 billion and 2.5 billion respectively. [1]

The Global Climate Risk Index 2014 ranks Pakistan the third worst-affected country in 2012. There is compelling evidence that risks facing the society continue to be reshaped due to emerging hazards coupled with uncertainty of climate change and persisting development failures.

In an attempt to reduce Pakistan’s vulnerability, DRR in Pakistan project focuses on the two-tier DRR interventions at the policy as well as at the community level. The initiative is structured around three pillars of activities: (1) institutional development support and strengthening the government disaster management organizations at national, provincial and district levels, (2) Support to community resilience building for at-risk communities in disaster probe districts taking into account the nominated high-risk districts specified in the National Disaster Management Plan and (3) Technical support to the development and application of building codes and regulations for engineered and non-engineered construction with focuses on seismic and flood risk mitigations. This ensures that top-down and bottom-up approaches are adopted in assisting the Government of Pakistan in implementing its National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) of 2012-2022.

[1] These figures are estimated based on the EM-DAT database. See http://www.emdat.be/advanced_search/index.html, however that the figures do not reflect data on smaller consequences of (non-episodic) disasters and events whose immediate causes are ambiguous. Nonetheless, the figures present a considerable fiscal burden for Pakistani government when compared to the national budget of 2005-2006 which was about 25 billion US$.

What Have We Accomplished So Far

  • UNDP assisted NDMA to establish an implementation unit to monitor and coordinate the NDMP and to mobilize resources from international development partners
  • Partnering with the NDMA, UNDP assisted the National Institute for Disaster Management in training of government officials in charge of DRM.
  • A community-based disaster risk management was fully implemented in 30 at-risk communities in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and Sindh Provinces. 30 community organizations and community disaster management plans were established  / strengthened allowing community members to have an active roles in DRR.
  • SMS-based early warning system in Punjab and Sindh provinces during the 2014 monsoon season.
  • Drought Risk Assessment in the Province of Balochistan.
  • National study on Seismic Design in Pakistan: The Building Code, Bylaws and Recommendations for Earthquake Risk Reduction.
  • Development of Early Recovery Framework and Action Plans of the July 2015 Floods in Chitral and October 2015 Earthquake in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. 
  • NDMA’s technical Partner of the Heart of Asia’s Regional Technical Group Meeting (2015 and 2016) in Pakistan.
  • Development of strategy on Public and Private partnership on DRR in Pakistan.

Who Finances it?

United Nations Development Programme
Royal Norwegian Embassy in Pakistan

Delivery in Previous Year

US$ 1.3 Million

Chitral Flood 2015

Earthquake 2015 Pakistan