Spearhead Special Report – 19.11.2018
By Hira A. Shafi
Senior Research Analyst, Spearhead Research
A conflict is essentially the existence of incompatible goals. Conflicts are considered intrinsic to human nature. However, conflicts need not always be destructive, societies may be shaped to develop constructive attitudes towards conflicts. Inculcating the notion of tension wisdom- must be a part of one’s early years’ education- enabling one to absorb counter perspectives and develop creative ways forward. Broad based consultation in decision making is another essential pillar to devise constructive solutions to a conflict- and avoid stagnation stemming from a culture of group think. The presence of apt mediators with effective communication skills- is also necessary to ensure signals between conflicting parties are not misread. On a societal level- enhanced interactions- is an encouraged solution to promote reconciliation and to re-shape perceptions of conflicting parties. At the political level, delinking issues of high politics from low politics- is a recommended path to reconciliation and peace. Enhanced negotiations aimed at addressing common areas of interest are advisable. However, if two conflicting parties continue to maintain coercive positions- escalation becomes inevitable- until the costs becomes evidently imperious.